There exist different types of teaching methods, each with its own approach and learning dynamic.
Using one of them in the classroom depends on various factor, mentioned before.
These are the methods I have selected to comment on:
The Direct Method.
It emphasizes on immersing the student in a new language the same way he/she was immersed in
their mother language. The teaching is done using “useful” TL, they focus on speaking and
listening wile grammar is taught in an indirect way. The teacher uses visual aids, demonstrations
and realia to help explain the vocabulary.
In my opinion, I find the method to be very natural in its approach but I do not believe it can be
effective with every student, specially taking into consideration the age and background. It would
be extremely successful with children.
The Audiolingual Method.
It is similar to the Direct Method in the sense that they are both opposing the Grammar-translation
method. The main difference between both is that while the DM highlights teaching vocabulary
(TL) the AL M emphasizes on drilling grammar.
Its main objective is to achieve correct pronunciation and grammar. It wants the SS to have the
ability to respond quickly and accurately while communicating, as well as having the sufficient
vocabulary to use the grammar structures.
I find this method to be better than the DM for adult SS. It lets the learner visualize the grammar
instead of having it learned implicitly, which I think that older SS will find it easier to understand.
It is another different approach to teaching, its based on a modern understanding of how the brain
works and how it learns more efficiently. Its main focus is on creating a positive atmosphere, it
believes in positive reinforcement, and a rich sensory learning environment (with pictures, colors,
music...). It encourages a lot of active participation on the SS part.
In my opinion, this is a very interesting method. I like the active participation, creating a pattern in
class is always very beneficial for low level SS in particular (every class opening up with a dialog ).
But I find it a bit childish to always have a positive approach, it is not good to over criticize but I
dont think its good to only stimulate with positivity. From early on in life we are taught YES and
NO, so we must use this in class as well.
This method is based on the knowledge that the SS already know the grammar they just do not
know how to use it. It specificity concentrates on the oral aspect of the language. They even use
direct translation of vocabulary as a teaching technique.
I believe this teaching method might be tempting to SS, it always seems easier to learn something if
you can relate it to something you already know. But I dont think its positive in the long term, if the
SS become accustomed to translating they will make more mistakes and they will create false
friends. Concentrating on oral aspects of the language and have little or no grammar can be
something very good, but only for high levels that you are certain have a previous knowledge of the