My teaching approach
ESSAY TEFL MARCH 2013-03-22
MY OPINION ABOUT THE BEST TEACHING METHOD
Learning how to be an english teacher is for me, a very deep beautiful personal satisfaction and a real pleasure!
I have learnt a lot since I’ve started this TEFL course, but there’s still so much to get to know and practice to be done ! I have to say there is many features that I like from the Oxbridge method, therefore I will let you know my feelings about the best way to teach English as a MFL
My favourite way to teach would be a combination between:
The communicative approach, the lexical approach, the multiple intelligence, and the sillent way.
My teaching style is ideally flexible, definitely funny creative and innovative, driven by a good discipline and a mix of various methods with a clear plan for the student’s successful Learning process development. I would use drawing a lot to explain basic things to beginners, it’s sometimes worth than 1000 words.
I will always prepare previously in détails my courses to avoid any improvisation and I will make sure that my activities are set and also that I have in my syllabus, the grammar, vocabulary and the structure in my topics.
The way I see for now the best approach to teach English to students on different levels, is based mostly on a very clear understanding and knowledge of the student’s needs, aims, personality, and motivation regards to his Learning process, in order to be able to provide him with the best methods and to get together succesful results and achieve our goals, by mixing traditionals methods with an innovative, smart and efficient way to succed in my mission of transmiting a knowledge to someone. To be softly adquired, used and practice.
Find the best link connection to the student considering the affectives factors. Learning consists of trial and error, deliberate experimentation, suspending judgement, and revising conclusions
I will teach by example and use the immediate surrounding for a better understanding.
I don’t believe that there is A perfect method for teaching, as every student is different, but Yes I truly think that mixing diffrent methods, adding your personal value and style to it.
Encouraging and pride the students is essential for their progresss and to maintain their interest and motivation
To correct systematically but differing only when the student has finished talking. Using the repetition is also crucial for a good prononciation.
Always avoid translation, unless it’s the last option.
I would strongly recommend, to any student to watch films in English, Read simple articles and practice as much as possible, in fact it’ s a big lever for the ability to be more and more fluent every time.
I would also use the suggestopedia, because laughing is definately very powerful in terms of inbound information and effective causes related to the infance or some melody that we enjoy.
I think that a good Teachers should concentrate on how students learn, not on how to teach.
I will also do my best to make the student feel comfortable and relaxed, so he can really improve and use his best skills and potential to get involved and embedded in the English language
Ideally, the student should progress and assimilate the English courses in order to be able to have a conversation with someone being fluent.
What I could notice in the courses I’ve attended only observing, I’ve noticed that the more simple and natural you do it, the more naturally they listen to you and remember what you say.
Another fact, is that the topics discussed need to be adapted and out of interest for them, for a successful class and to avoid a boring session
For S1 and students :
I would go for the most simple things, in the most natural way, indeed, learning a language is all about being able to communicate and this usually always starts with basic introductions. For example, being able to say hello, your name, your age, where you come from, is a common starting place. The way I would use it would be essentially through pictures and draws, miming if needed, using only the simple tense and graduating my language as acting with alot of empathy & patience with beginners. Break the ice with them and get to know their preferences and the best way for him to remember and get involved.
P2/ P3 students
I would use similar techniques like for teaching P 1,
Also the TPR for kids and teens. adding every time more vocabulary and introducing a second tense, after the present simple and the zero and 1st conditional, through role plays cadr swapping and matching, active interaction between the students
For P4/P5 students :
Working with press releases, using idioms and proverbs, Quizz questions and Involve them in a High level teaching more expressions, playing a short video to debate on it, checking on the good comprehension.
MY FAVOUTITE METHODS & WHY
Because The communicative approach is based on the idea that learning language successfully comes through having to communicate real meaning. When learners are involved in real communication, their natural strategies for language acquisition will be used, and this will allow them to learn to use the language using real situation of daily life. So for my point of view it’s a very interesting and efficient method that I use systematically for all my students, adapting to the context and level, it’s really accurate and bring brillant results
The general goal of The Silent Way invented by from Caleb Gattegno in 1970
is to help beginning-level students gain basic fluency in the target language, with the ultimate aim being near-native language proficiency and good pronunciation. An important part of this ability is being able to use the language for self-expression; students should be able to express their thoughts, feelings, and needs in the target language. I like to use this method a bit « modernized » it helps a lot reducing your TTT, combined with other methods obviously, giving half of the class is a good option, but I wouldn’t use the Cuisenaire rods as I think It’s not really adapted to our actual methods
Suggestopedia is a method that I find very useful for every kind of student, Its creator was the psychologist Georgi Lozanov who thought in the use of the suggestion through music, relaxation, deep breathing, imagination and concert sessions. I am conviced that this puts the student in a perfect condition to get the best out of him by allowing him to link the Learning process to his favorites songs with lyrics that he likes and even sings without knowing the meaning, deliver him thèse messages that he is willing to hear about.
I personally think that Learning with songs is a funny and accurate way to actually memorise vocabulary, we all know songs from years ago by Memory, without ever forgetting them…
I would also use the suggestopedia, because laughing is definately very powerful in terms of inbound information and effective causes related
Total Physical Response »
Extremely useful for P2 students and kids or teens,
Second language learning is parallel to first language learning and should reflect the same naturalistic processes, listening should develop before speaking
Children respond physically to spoken language, and adult learners learn better if they do that too
Once listening comprehension has been developed, speech devlops naturally and effortlessly out of it.
Adults should use right-brain motor activities, while the left hemisphere watches and learns
Delaying speech reduces stress.
The audio-lingual method, also known as :
The direct method
teaches the language directly but doesn’t use the native language to explain words or grammar. However, unlike the direct method, it doesn’t focus on teaching vocabulary, instead the students are drilled in the use of grammar in the target language.
Which is not my favourite method, I consider that it’s not really sharp and oldy style as well, I prefer so far the communicative approach which is tremendly more interactive and quicker for the student to assimilate and remind
Michael Lewis (1993), who coined the term lexical approach, suggests the following:
Lexis is the basis of language. Lexis is misunderstood in language teaching because of the assumption that grammar is the basis of language and that mastery of the grammatical system is a prerequisite for effective communication.
The key principle of a lexical approach is that "language consists of grammaticalized lexis, not lexicalized grammar."
One of the central organizing principles of any meaning-centered syllabus should be lexis.
This is one of my favourite methods, very speed Learning process, based on daily needs to express yourself and become fluent
Neuro-Linguistic Programming (NLP)
Developed in the 1970’s by Richard Bandler and John Grinder - is an approach that aims to enhance the effectiveness of communication and facilitate learning and personal development. It is becoming increasingly familiar in formal education, professional development, and informal Learning, I find this method based on scientific facts specially interesting because related directly to cognition.
For conclusion, my viewpoint of the best qualities that a teacher should have are :
- Be innovative
- Grade the language
- Adapt to context
- Make interactive clases
- Work on real facts, real habits & immediate surrounding
- Be a « psychologist » and Identify the different personalities in a group
- Be funny ! when appropriated