My teaching approach
are various different ways in which teaching can be carried out, all of which
have positive and negative points associated with them. When looking to have a
communicative lesson some methods are much more effective than others, in fact
some teaching methods are completely the opposite. A communicative lesson is
when you integrate both listening and speaking and real language is used. This
means that the students learn language that they will be able to use if they
travelled to an English speaking country for example. When using the
communicative approach to learning, any mistakes that are made by the students
are seen as natural and accepted by the teachers. Speaking and understanding
are the two main things that this approach works on, reading and writing come
second to these.
whole idea of learning a new and different language is to be able to acquire
the knowledge that is passed onto you by the teacher in order to be as fluent
as possible. Different methods aim to achieve this in different ways some of
which are effective and others not.
system that Oxbridge has in place is based on the communicative approach to
learning. This is done in part by the way that the teaching is carried out. For
example the entire lesson is conducted in English, this helps primarily with
the students speaking and listening skills. The Oxbridge system also has a
clear structure to it, starting with some quick questions and then moving on to
some different activities. The quick questions are there as an ice breaker to
get the students into the rhythm and mind set of speaking in English. The
activities that proceed this are based on a topic, on vocabulary and on
structure too. These ensure that the students are learning but doing so in
English. It is an important part of the class to get the students to debate and
discuss subjects between themselves, as this will build confidence and aid
attitude that the teachers have in these lessons are important. They take a
back seat role to allow the students to have more talking time. This is known
as low teacher talking time. In order for this to be achieved the teacher needs
to project their knowledge by guiding the students and then allowing the
students to carry out the intended activities.
I feel that this is a great way to learn for a student. This is because they do
not have to have lots of textbooks, or write lots of translations down, but
they are able to progress too despite being without these tools. This method is
known as being modern and leaves behind the old methods that were used.
Callan method to teaching is done verbally but by drilling the information into
the students. Quick questions are asked one after the other at a rapid pace
with the students needing to answer immediately. Any mistakes that are made are
corrected there and then, which is something that can harm the flow of the
sentence and conversation. Because of this, it is possible for the students to
lose focus and confidence. It also puts the students under pressure from the
start which is not always effective.
I feel that this method is not effective for people who are looking to learn a
language. Although there could be an argument for it helping with quick
responses and learning under pressure, I feel that the Oxbridge method is a lot
more effective. Both have the students speaking in English, however with the
Callan method all they are doing is answering questions in English. Not like
with Oxbridge where they are forming sentences and having a discussion.
is a completely different was of learning a language. During this method the
teacher puts on some relaxing music and acts out a scene in the classroom. They
explain to the class exactly what they are doing as they demonstrate this. The
music that is on in the background is aimed to relax the students so that they
can concentrate more. They believe that this is a way in which the students are
able to absorb more therefore progress.
this method there are no textbooks used, they simply learn by watching the
teacher and what they are saying. The attitude of the teacher needs to be
dramatized and over perform everything that they are doing. This is so that the
students achieve a clear understanding of what the teacher is doing.
communication however is something that is missing from this method. The
students do not talk but only listen. This will obviously affect their
confidence when speaking but also the way in which they pronounce the language
will be affected.
these reasons I do not believe that this method is effective. The progression
that the students may make can only be minimal due to the fact that there is
lack of discussion. This method is not communicative as the students simply
observe the class and do not get involved.
Direct method is one that is taught only in the intended target language. No
translations are allowed at all which means that students are always learning
new words or phrases. For this reason the approach to learning from the
students is different to some other methods, for example the Suggestopedia
method. The teacher asks the students to repeat what they have said a lot, by
asking the same questions but in a different way. This then gets the students
used to speaking in English and answering certain questions.
way in which this is taught is by demonstrations and asking the students what a
certain thing is. This can be seen as communicative as there is talking taking
place between the teacher and students. When learning errors are seen as
natural and tolerated in the communicative approach, this is something that is
the same with the Direct method.
goals of the students are to learn the language and to feel confident using
certain structures. They are able to improve their pronunciation when using
this method which will help with building confidence too.
attitude of the teacher is one which allows the students to make mistakes but
then correct these too. The pace also needs to be kept steady by the teacher,
there is no point going too slow, but too fast will affect the students too.
this method there are both positive and negative points. For example is does
integrate both speaking and listening, something which will help the students
throughout the learning process. The classes however can be repetitive and
therefore may not help the students’ progress quickly from week to week. This
method is useful in creating a communicative lesson despite not being as good
as the Oxbridge approach to this. It is for example better than the Callan and
physical response is a method which ensures that the students are always using
their body to learn. Actions are repeated a lot, which ensures that the
students start to learn what certain words mean. This is called drilling information
into the students.
approach to learning is completely different to any of the others in that to
teach, the teacher carries out different actions in front of the class, and the
class proceed to copy. Whilst they are carrying out the exercise they speak in
English which helps them to learn, but can be seen as being in a fun way.
way in which these classes are taught is completely different from all the
other methods. It involves as much participation from the students as it does
from the teacher. The teacher must ensure that the class is fun and interesting
otherwise the whole method can fail. This means that when carried out correctly
this form of learning is communicative.
attitude of the teacher needs to be enthusiastic in order to motivate the class
and to get them participating. They also need to act out the lesson to the
students, this is a skill that they need to have as most of the lesson is based
on this. Without both of these the classes would be uninteresting and not
helpful to the students at all.
do feel that this can be a helpful method when learning a foreign language such
as English for example as it enables you to improve your listening skills, as
well as talking too. However it does not focus on the grammar which may mean
that the students find it hard to acquire the language.
at all the evidence that is available, it is clear that not all methods that
are used to teach, both from in the past and modern day ones being used at the
minute, are communicative. Some are like this because they don’t aim to be, but
when learning a language the communicative approach is the best to adopt.
Whichever technique is adopted learning a language is hard, and these different
methods show that it can be done in many different ways.